Connectors

1. Servo power input

Power input for servos and speaker. Connect to a beefy 5V power supply. Pins are ground (top), and +5V (bottom).

2. Servo connectors

Numbered from 0 (top) to 15 (bottom). Pins are ground (left), power (middle), and signal (right). Make sure servos are connected correctly! Ground is usually colored black or brown, power is usually red, and signal is usually orange, yellow, or white.

3. Raspberry Pi HAT connector

Connector to attach the board on top of a Raspberry Pi. The board also provides power to the Raspberry Pi through this connector, so no separate USB power supply is needed for the Pi.

4. Logic power input.

Connect to a separate 5V 2A power supply, do not use the same power supply as the servos, as voltage drops from large current draws will reset the Raspberry Pi. Pins are +5V (top) and ground (bottom).

5. ISP header

Used to flash firmware onto the board's ATMega328 microcontroller. A programmer is needed for this, e.g. AVRISP mk2. This is normally done only once.

To program the OpsoroHAT, the board should be disconnected from the Raspberry Pi, and should be powered by an independent 3.3V power supply. The board can be powered in this way through connector 10.

6. NeoPixel connector

Used to attach NeoPixel RGB LEDs. In theory, the board supports up to 100 LEDs. However, more than a couple of LEDs will require a separate power supply. Pins are:

Location Pin
top data out
middle +5V
bottom ground

7. Speaker output

The board is designed to drive a 4 ohm 5W speaker. 8 ohm speakers can also be used, but the audio output will be quieter. The pins are not polarized, orientation of the speaker does not matter.

8. I2C expansion port

Allows additional I2C devices, such as sensors or Grove I2C modules, to be connected to the board. The connector is level-shifted to 5V logic level. Pins from left-to-right are:

Location Pin
left ground
  +5V
  SDA
right SCL

9. EEPROM write-protect

Write-protect for the HAT identification EEPROM. Bridge this header with a jumper to program the EEPROM. Currently not used.

10. Analog inputs

Allows the board to read up to 4 analog inputs (0 - 3.3V) using the microcontroller's ADC. Possible sensors that could be measured with this port include force-sensitive resistors, light-dependent resistors, and potentiometers. Pins are:

Location Pin
top left A2
top middle A0
top right 3.3v
bottom left A3
bottom middle A1
bottom right ground

11. Capacitive touch inputs

Connect any electrically conductive material to these pins to create touch sensors. The bottom row is connected to ground, this allows you to use shielded wires. The electrodes should be connected on the top row. Electrode pins are numbered 0 (left) to 11 (right).

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